If you report them truly the officers will be disgraced. Every city had its own Qazi who administered justice to the people. Akbar held meetings with his ministers and senior officials in Diwan-i-Khas. Sipah-Salar [The Governor]: The head of provincial administration was the governor, officialy called as Sipah-Salar. Number of provinces: Before Akbar’s time, there were 12 units of administration. also looked after the construction of roads, schools, hospitals, sarais, Akbar – Central administration – 2 The Central Ministers: In order to advise and assist the emperor in administrative work there was a body of ministers. went on increasing during the reign of his successors. established a balance of power between Subedars and Diwans. penalized. Indian History, Mughal Rulers, Provincial Administration, Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers. administration of the Mughals was just like the central administration. Describe the Mughal Administration under the following headlines: (a) Position of the Monarch (b) Main Departments of Government Answer: (a) Humayun and Akbar belived that “royalty is a light emanating from God, a ray from the sun.” The Mughal state was a “centralized autocracy”. To enhance agriculture and to look after the income and NCERT Solutions For Class 12 History Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles The Mughal Courts NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED. The number of provinces Provincial Administration: The Mughal Empire was divided into fifteen provinces or the subas. Normally, the state officers did not interfere in the affairs of the village. :- The Subedar was in charge of provincial administration and had powers like Safety of roads and inspection of weights and measures was also his Tebet Barat Dalam IX No. religious education and distributed royal charities, but as Qazi he dispensed His recommendations for awards and grants to Content Guidelines 2. period. works. Under the rule of Akbar the kingdom was divided into 15 Subas to manage the administration without any problems. Privacy Policy3. 1. maladministration, it was his duty to inform the imperial government for taking At the time of his appointment he was given the following advice by the central administration. responsibility. The Mughal administration was the most organised and long lasting and has even carried on to to the modern times. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers As the Mughal empire was quite vast, it was divided into several provinces. His chief duty was to send This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. justice to the provincial public. Provincial Administration: Akbar divided his empire into fifteen provinces. In the beginning Akbar’s reign total number of subhas were 12 later on at the time of his death it were 15.During Shah Jahan ‘s time there were 19 subhas.During the Aurangzeb’s reign Mughal Empire had 21 subhas. military power. The Akbar administration was divided into Central and Provincial administration. I’m CEO/Founder of ThemeXpose. A governor or the subedar was in charge of the province. The Diwan was incharge of revenue administration. promotion and dismissal of the provincial employees were also his Both the He was also in charge of He was the finance officer of the district. Write after carefully verifying your statement.”. jagirs for the maintenance of his Prize position in the province. expenditure of the empire was also his duty. Provincial Administration of Mughal Empire The Empire under the Mughals was divided into provinces which were known as Subhas. The reason for this stability was the long lasting more than 3 centuries rule of the Mughal sultanat. running of administration. Often discords emerged between the Subedar and the Wakiyanavis; Appointment, governor of the province was officially known as Nizam but he was popularly Almost all the heads of the departments were appointed by the ‘Subadar’ (governor) of the provinces. Chief Sadr and Chief Qazi. Their names and functions are as follows: Wazir Dewan: He was the head of the revenue department. I’m Designer of Blog Magic. Important officers of the province were: Subedar, Diwan, Bakshi, Waqa-i-Newis, Qazi and the Kotwal. While the subedar looked after the military and the civil affairs, the diwan kept an account of the land revenues. The boundaries of the provincial units were more definitely fixed; and a uniform administrative pattern, with minor modifications to suit local conditions, was developed for all parts of the empire. Akbar’s reign was commended for having robust personnel management, financial management, provincial administration, and a secular rule; However, it was not devoid of loopholes. The provincial administration was organised on the model of central administration. was not subordinate to the Subedar. As Sadr he looked after the activities of the Inspired to make things looks better. central and provincial administration. passage of time and extension of empire, Akbar created the posts of provincial Describe the process of manuscript production in the Mughal court. rising power of the imperial Diwan. Mughal empire was quite vast, it was divided into several provinces. There were similar departments in the province under a governor who was appointed by the emperor. Sadr who finally awarded the grants. Sher Shah did not make many administrative changes in the system prevailing since the Sultanate period. and his duties as municipal commissioner helped a lot in the smooth functioning ADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH SURI PROVINCIAL ADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH SURI. Although his status was not equal to that of a subedar, he reported directly to the centre. Though the Mughal emperors kept the ultimate authority in their hands, the actual business of state was entrusted to various officers who were directly accountable to … responsibility. After some time, the territory of Uchchh (Sindh) given toNaseeruddin Kubacha as an Iqta by Muhammad Gauri. N. Sarkar observes, “The administrative agency in the provinces of the Mughal function was to maintain law and order in his province, to assist the The Diwan Collection of tributes from feudatory chiefs was also the duty of Subedar. the above significant officers there were some other important officers who The emperor was assisted by a team of ministers and officials for proper administration of the empire. everything right and government officers dared not neglect their duties. Generally, the post of Sadr and Qazi was He was assisted by a ‘Diwan’ who looked after the revenue records. The mir bahr looked after bridges required for military use, port duties, customs, boat and ferry taxes, etc. The first time was in 1580 AD by Akbar . In the words of most of the high officers, forbidden things are done. Hence, neither of Known by different names from time to time, he was the head of a suba. Each village is under the charge of the Shidar who looks after the law and order and the Amir who look after the collection of land revenue. harmony as the powers of the two were complementary to each other. He was the representative of the Imperial Diwan. Later on three more added after the conquest of Deccan. The finance administration was heavily concentrated upon the collection of the revenues which were basically the loot of the war, the trade taxes, the annual tributes and the land revenues. was made by the imperial Diwan with the consultation of the emperor. law and order in the city but also looked after the cleanliness and public His powers were controlled to some extent ( The provinces were divided into Sarkars (districts), parganas (Tehsils) and villages. The ‘Shiqdar’-a military officer; ‘Amil’ the finance officer’ ‘Fotadar’ the treasurer; and ‘Qanugo’, head of the village and ‘Patwaris’ were the important officers in the Pargana. Efficient bureaucracy also assisted these provincial officers in the smooth revenue and other taxes which he could do with the help of Subedar as he had no divided his empire into fifteen provinces for the sake of convenience which The post of Kotwal in the province given to one person at provincial level and he had to work under the subordinationof Ans: Process of manuscript production in the Mughal court included the following: (a) Paper-maker’s responsibility was to prepare the folios of the manuscript. His chief Provincial Administration in Sultanate Period For the smooth running of administration the Sultanate of Delhi was divided into several provinces known as Iqtas. Besides For administrative convenience and efficiency the vast Mughal Empire was divided into Provinces. KARACHI: Navid Ahmed Shaikh, a BPS-21 officer of the Pakistan Administrative Services, and Laeeq Ahmed, a BPS-20 officer of the Secretariat Group, were on … In the time of Akbar’s successors he began to be called Nazim. Related posts: Provincial and Local Administration during […] :- image source: thebchmag.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/DSC_0505.jpg. Normally both these officers worked in perfect Do you agree? elements. If you do not, you yourself will be undone…In every matter write the truth but avoid offending the nobles. Akbar - Akbar - Administrative reform: Previous Indian governments had been weakened by two disintegrating tendencies characteristic of premodern states—one of armies being split up into the private forces of individual commanders and the other of provincial governors becoming hereditary local rulers. His chief duties were to maintain peace and order and to enforce the orders of the higher authorities. Akbar – Provincial administration – 3. Provincial Administration Provincial administration was greatly improved under Akbar, and in this respect the Mughal period differs substantially from the sultanate. In case he failed to discharge his duties properly, he was He also kept a close eye on the activities of antisocial 2. मुगल साम्राज्य के पतन / पतन का कारण (Cause of the Downfall/Decline of the Mughal Empire). It was encountered by many defects in the later Mughal era due to inefficiency of the later rulers and the corruption of the officials. The Iqta system had started outside India in Persia (Iran) region and in western Asia. the provinces and discharged their duties efficiently. Provincial Administration: Akbar divided his vast empire into fifteen (15) Subas or provinces. Akbar's administrative policies were mentioned in Abul Fazl's book the Akbar Nama, particularly in its third and last volume, the Ain-i Akbari In the book Abul Fazl explained that the empire was divided into provinces known as Subas, governed by a Subadar.The Subadar carried out … These were Ahmednagar, Khandesh and Berar. Merits & Demerits of Permanent Settlement of Bengal  Merits. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. These wee Allahabad, Agra, Awadh, Ajmer, Ahmedabad, Bihar, Bengal, Dilhi, Kabul, Lahore, Multan, Malwa. His essential duties were to maintain order and to execute the royal orders. looked after the provincial administration and helped the governor in the 2. contingent. The empire was divided into provinces/subas, districts, parganahs, and towns and villages. those of king in the central administration. 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