He held his court which lasted for 4 and half hours. He introduced various reforms in all the branches of the administration, whether central, provincial, revenue, military or judicial. AKBAR I, ABU’L-FATḤ JALĀL-AL-DĪN MOḤAMMAD (949-1014/1542-1605), third and greatest of the Mughal emperors of India.Akbar established the patterns of Mughal government and culture during his forty-nine year reign. The number of provinces reached twenty-one during the regime of Aurangzeb. Early in the morning he got up and gave jharokha (dharshan) to the people. He had a council of ministers to help him. T.Romana College observed a 2-day event as Cultural Day on October 17 & 18, 2018. In the afternoon the king held his full Darshan in the Diwan-i- Am. All the executive, judicial and legislative powers of the state were combined in him. Kaladipet, Thiruvottiyur, It was Akbar, who, from the very beginning of his reign, gradually accepted a policy of dynamic toleration and active sympathy for religious and spiritual movements. Child marriage was discouraged and female-infanticide was forbidden. Akbar established the central administration of the expanding state. The administrative machinery of the Mughuls, which functioned throughout the Mughul’s rule, was introduced by Akbar and that is why, by ‘Mughul Administration’, we mean Akbar’s Administration. . The abundance of food also made the life of the common man better and happier than before. All told he worked about 16 hours a day. Akbar was married to Singh’s aunt, which some people believe is one of the reasons he was chosen for the court. But Akbar had always the welfare of his people in his mind and so his was a benevolent despotism. ADMINISTRATION OF AKBAR (MUGHUL ADMINISTRATION). Re-admission to 3rd & 5th Sem: 3-28 Aug. 9. Central Administration: Akbar was the overall in-charge of the central government. He was crowned Mughal padishah (emperor) at the age of fourteen in the Punjab on the sudden death of his father, Humayun. He was the Supreme Commander of the army. Powers were centralised 2. In each suba or province there was a Subedar, a Diwan, a Bakshi, a Sadar, a Qazi, a Kotwal, a Mir Bahr and Waqa-i-Nawis. The provincial administration of the Mughals was just like the central administration. The Mughal administration was a mixture of Indian and non-Indian (foreign) elements. India became united under one rule, and had very prosperous cultural and political years during the Mughal rule. The head of the Sarkar was Faujdar who kept his own small force and maintained law and order in his area. The head of the Parganas was called Shikdar whose functions were the same as those of the Faujdar in a Sarkar. He considered himself as the vice regent of God on earth and believed in the theory of divine right of Kings. The Mir Bahr was in-charge of customs and taxation department. AKBAR (1542–1605), "the Great" Mughal emperor (1556–1605) Born Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad in 1542, Akbar became the most powerful and the most tolerant of the Mughal emperors. The central government then doled out fixed salaries to both military and civilian personnel according to rank. The Subedar or Governor was the head of the provincial administration. The basis of this military prowess and authority was Akbar's skilful structural and organisational calibration of the Mughal army. The head of the. Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire assumed the title of 'Badshaah' which was continued by his successors. Administration Political government. Fill in the blanks : In the Second Battle of Panipat which took place in November 1556, the Mughal army under the leadership of Bairam Khan defeated General … He would hold an open court, listen to the complaints of his subjects and try to pacify them. 2. Akbar, however, was the first of the Mughal emperors who set up an excellent system of administration. But Akbar had always the welfare of his people in his mind and so his was a benevolent despotism. 8. His policy was based on the principle of universal peace. ‌The head of Administration was the emperor. In the beginning Akbar’s reign total number of subhas were 12 later on at the time of his death it were 15.During Shah Jahan ‘s time there were 19 subhas.During the Aurangzeb’s reign Mughal Empire had 21 subhas. Required fields are marked *, #70/1, Market Lane, 7th Street, In this chapter, we will be covering the high-level introduction of SharePoint Central Administration. Among others, the most important ministers were – the Vakil, who maintained a general control over all the central departments and acted as the chief adviser of the King; Diwan, who was in-charge of finance and revenue; Mir Bakshi, who maintained the records of all the Mansabdars and distributed pay among the high officials; Sadar-i-Sadur, who acted as a religious adviser to the king, disbursed royal charity and discharged the function of the Chief Justice of the empire. During Jahangir’s time, the number rose to 17 and Shah Jahan’s time it increased to 22. By 1589, Singh I was in charge of 5,000 soldiers. Write about Akbars relationship with the Rajputs b Mention the major features of administration of Akbar c) Give an account of the military campaigns and rebellions faced by Aurangzeb - Social Science - … In order to preserve the unity of his empire, Akbar adopted programs that won the loyalty of the non-Muslim populations of his realm. Widow-marriage was encouraged. This is a product of Mexus Education Pvt. Akbar was accorded the epithet "the Great" because of his many accomplishments, including his record of unbeaten military campaigns that consolidated Mughal rule in the Indian subcontinent. He was a strong administrator who made great amendments in … The objective of AIDCSC is to promote the welfare of the disadvantaged and deprived segments among the; scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, minorities, destitute, bonded labourers, transgenders, slum dwellers and downtrodden villages. He reformed and strengthened his central administration and also centralized his financial system and reorganized tax-collection processes. The Qazi was in-charge of the judicial department of his province. First of all, the land was measured into ‘bighas’, secondly, all the cultivated land was classified into four divisions – Polaj, Parauti, Chachar and Banjar. The Sadar was in-charge of the judicial charity department. #70/1, Market Lane, 7th Street, Kaladipet, Thiruvottiyur, Chennai 600 019. He listened to the complaints to the complaints of the common people. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Akbar (Template:IPA-ur; 14 October 1542 – 27 October 1605), also known as Akbar the Great or Akbar I, was Mughal Emperor from 1556 until his death. The central power was in the hands of the ruler and there was a bureaucratic structure to administer the state. Bakshi used to maintain the liaison between the central and provincial governments. Religious policy of Akbar was that of complete toleration. The central government reserved for itself land revenue, customs, profits from the mints, inheritance rights, and monopolies. He had taken several measures to improve the general condition of his subjects. Bakshi used to maintain the liaison between the central and provincial governments. They were paid salaries in cash and the system of assignments of lands was discouraged. The theme of the event was elaborated upon by teachers on the first day.The main event held on October 18, 2018 at the College Campus consisted of a function, exhibition, outdoor and entertainment pr... Akbar was, however, assisted by a number of ministers in the administration. Its main features are discussed below:- 1. He considered himself as the vice regent of God on earth and believed in the theory of divine right of Kings. but still under Akbar it worked well because of his uncommon ability as a leader and an administrator, great vigilance and discipline. Akbar reogganised the central machinery of administration on the basis of the from CA 270 at Valdosta State University The system of administration which Akbar evolved did not mark a very sharp break from the earlier Delhi sultanate, rather it was a further development of the earlier system The Mughal administration was an amalgam of both central Asian and Timurid traditions in Indian setting. 4. Akbar was the first among the emperors of Delhi who pursued such a policy. ADMINISTRATION One of the significant contributions of Akbar’s reign was the establishment of an efficient administrative system. He was also the highest military authority. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The Mughul army consisted of infantry, cavalry, artillery, elephants, and navy. Chennai 600 019. Administration. He established a centralized administration. The emperor then inspected the Troops, mansabdars and retired for the afternoon. ADMINISTRATION One of the significant contributions of Akbar’s reign was the establishment of an efficient administrative system. Provincial Administration: Akbar divided his vast empire into fifteen (15) Subas or provinces. Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India. The Ain-i-Akbari is a Persian word which means the “Administration of Akbar” was written in 16th-century.It is a detailed document related to the administration of the Mughal Empire under the Mughal Emperor Akbar. The website of the Lebanese Al-Akhbar newspaper has been under a cyberattack since Tuesday morning, following the newspaper reporting on Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates' efforts to … For efficiency in administration the empire was divided into a number of Subahs being supervised by Subahdars or provincial governors. After consolidating the empire, Akbar concentrated on establishing a stable and subject-friendly administration at the center to govern his vast empire. Trail HistoryCivics Focus on HistoryCivics Geography Maths Physics Chemistry Biology. Though Akbar adopted Sher Shah’s administrative system, he did not find it that much beneficial hence he had started his own administrative system. Commander-in-chief of armed forces Supreme judge on all matters of justice. Exam Fee Payment for 6th Sem: 27th July - 4th Aug. 5. The Kotwal was the supreme administrator of all the ‘thanas’ of the province and was responsible for the maintenance of law and order in all the cities. The main features of central administration under Akbar were: There was a strong centralised Government with the king having the final authority over all important matters including politics, military, administrative and judiciary. The provinces were further divided into Sarkars and Sarkars into Parganas. Akbar was the first among the emperors of Delhi who pursued such a policy. Each village was under the charge of a Muqaddam, a Patwari and a Chowkidar who carried on the work of administration with the help of the village panchayat. There were thirty three grades of these Mansabdars who maintained soldiers ranging from 10 to 10,000. In the provincial level Dewan (Nazim or Nawab) looked after financial administration. Your email address will not be published. Akbar was Babur's grandson. Tamil Nadu, India. Akbar was, however, assisted by a number of ministers in the administration. Central Administration under Akbar: There was a strong centralized government with king having the final authority over all important matters including politics, military, administrative and judiciary. The theme chosen for the event was ‘Aia upa zah’ (Respect for Elders). Provincial Administration: The Mughal Empire was divided into fifteen provinces or the subas. In 1573, just after returning from Gujarat expedition, Akbar paid personal attention to the land revenue system. The Mansabdars had to maintain soldiers according to his grade or rank. The Polaj land was always cultivated and was never allowed to fallow; the Parauti land was allowed to fallow for a year or two to recover its strength; the Chachar land had to be left uncultivated for three or four years and Banjar land had to be left fallow for five years or more. Of course, in the discharge of his kingly duties, the emperor was advised and assisted by a body of ministers. Provincial Administration of Mughal Empire. The Mansabdarisystem in particular has been acclaimed for its role in upholding Mughal power in the time of Akbar. The revenue collectors were asked to be friendly towards the cultivators and not to oppress them on every account. From the above account it is quite clear that Akbar was a great administrator and the administrative machinery that he set up continued to function throughout the Mughul period. In 1564, Jaziya, a tax which was imposed on non-Muslims, was also abolished. It was Akbar, who, from the very beginning of his reign, gradually accepted a policy of dynamic toleration and active sympathy for religious and spiritual movements. It was the highest official of finance and revenue. Who Was Akbar … Akbar’s administrative system can be grouped under two heads: Central Administration Provincial Administration In case of famine, drought or another unexpected calamity, remission was granted and even loans were advanced for purchase of seeds and animals. Akbar, as seen in middle life, was a man of moderate stature, ... We an told that "there is nothing that he does not know how to do, whether matters of war, or of administration, or of any mechanical art. AIDCSC will provide economic, legal and educational support to the deprived communities for its survival, sustenance and growth, through research, training, advocacy and networking. Military Administration: Akbar paid much attention towards the organization, equipment and discipline of the army. While the subedar looked after the military and the civil affairs, the diwan kept an account of the land revenues. A. In this video you will learn about the administrative policies followed by Akbar and the officials in his kingdom. Land revenue was paid in cash or in kind, but cash payment was preferred. Sole right in making appointments, dismissal, promotion Council of ministers:- 1 Wazir/diwan Revenue department 2 Mir bakshi Military and head of mansabdar s 3 Qazi Chief judge 4 Chief sadr Supervisor of royal household Loans with small interest were advanced to the cultivators. Akbar's system of central government was based on the system that had evolved since the Delhi Sultanate, but the functions of various departments were carefully reorganised by laying down detailed regulations for their functioning [citation needed] All the decisions taken by him were final and could not be challenged by anyone. The Akbar administration was divided into Central and Provincial administration. Judicial Administration or Judicial Reforms: Akbar introduced various reforms in the administration of justice. The military organization of Akbar had no doubt certain defects (e.g., The Mansabdars cheated the government, the soldiers were more loyal to the chiefs than to the emperor, the practice of payment through the Mansabdars was precarious and often led to abuses, efficiency of one unit to unit, etc.) Akbar was not only a brave soldier, a successful leader and a great religious reformer but also a great administrator. Akbar's system of central government was based on the system that had evolved since the Delhi Sultanate, but the functions of various departments were reorganised with detailed regulations for their functioning The revenue department was headed by a wazir, responsible for all finances and management of jagir and inamdar feudal lands. Akbar reorganized the central machinery of administration on the basis of the division of power among various departments. Minister-The word Diwan is the original Persian word. In order to preserve the unity of his empire, Akbar adopted programs that won the loyalty of the non-Muslim populations of his realm. Beside these four ministers, there were other ministers of lower rank- Khan-i-Saman, who was in-charge of the royal household; Muhtasib, who saw that the people (Muslims) led a highly moral life according to the Muslim law; and Daroga-i-Dak Chowki, an officer who was in-charge of the postal and intelligence department. Share 0. Administration. Dynamics Of Central Administration Under Akbar And Mughal S Military System by Mohamed Nasr. There were no limitations on his despotism and his word was law. Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire assumed the title of 'Badshaah' which was continued by his successors. Central Administration The emperor was assisted by a team of ministers and officials for proper administration of the empire. All the executive, judicial and legislative powers of the state were combined in him. Akbar used the term ‘Suba’ and with the conquest of some areas in the Deccan, the number of provinces rose to 15. He was practically himself state and source of all authority; his word was law; he enforced the law and punished those who would not obey the laws. Dear student, Akbar's admistration : 1. All appointments, promotions or dismissals depended on his decision and orders. Akbar was the centre of all powers—civil, judicial, military and religious. Introduction. Central Administration It was a mixture of Indian and Persian traditions. The king was helped by … There 04424631960, 9884350700 #70/1, Market Lane, 7th Street, Kaladipet, Thiruvottiyur, Chennai 600 019. Firstly, Akbar adopted Shershah’s Rai system in which cultivated area was measured, and a central schedule was created fixing the dues of peasants crop wise on the basis of the productivity of the land. All the decisions taken by him were final … Panchayat System that took care of the village affairs 3. Muslim rulers in India prior to Akbar recognized the authority of Khalifa but the institution of Kingship as mentioned by Abul A governor or the subedar was in charge of the province. He expanded the empire and pursued a policy of conciliation with Hindus. AKBAR. People were allowed to present their petitions and the emperor decided their cases there and then. Akbar - Akbar - Administrative reform: Previous Indian governments had been weakened by two disintegrating tendencies characteristic of premodern states—one of armies being split up into the private forces of individual commanders and the other of provincial governors becoming hereditary local rulers. Religious policy of Akbar was that of complete toleration.  Akbar’s administrative system can be grouped under two heads:  Central Administration  … The emperor was the final despot and his law or order was the final rather he was considered as the … Thirdly, the total produce of each land was determined separately. Akbar’s reforms required a centralized financial system, and, thus, by the side of each provincial governor (sūbadār, later called nawab) was placed a civil administrator (dīwān, or divan) who supervised revenue collection, prepared accounts, and reported directly to the emperor. The Bakshi looked after the management of the provincial army. The Akbar administration was divided into Central and Provincial administration. Administration of Akbar 1. The establishment of this post was done by Akbar in the 8th year of his rule to end the monopoly of the lawyer. India under Akbar was the most prosperous empire of the time. Administration during Akbar Rule When Akbar came to the throne he made it sure that his people were well taken care of. The head of the military department under the recognised central machinery of administration during Akbar's reign was: He himself supervised all the branches of his administration and worked hard to discharge his manifold duties. As a result of these measures the revenue of the state greatly increased, the cultivators became better off and the country became prosperous. Central Administration Decision was final, word was law. EXERCISE. In the provincial level Dewan (Nazim or Nawab) looked after financial administration. The Waqa-i-Nawis was in-charge of the secret service of the province. Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details? XI. Administration. Central Administration The emperor was assisted by a team of ministers and officials for proper administration of the empire.  Akbar gave the Mughal India one official language (Persian), a uniform administrative system and coinage and a common system of weights and measures. Topics Mughal - India Collection opensource Language English. In India, the Mughal Empire was one of the greatest empires ever. Fourthly, the share of the state was fixed at one-third of the total produce. Central administration All the powers of the empire were centralized and headed by the king. Akbar was the grandson of Babur who happens to be the establish er of the Mughal empire. There were no limitations on his despotism and his word was law. All India Deprived Community Support Centre. The (provincial) Diwan was in-charge of the provincial finance and all bills of payments were signed by him. 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